This is why facebook works https://t.co/555aTOGAiI— Kiran Johny (@johnywrites) February 23, 2018
According to Stanford Behavioral Scientist BJ Fogg, Design Crushes Willpower has 2 meanings.
1st (the good one) is that design wins. If U can design your life & behaviors well, U don’t need to rely on willpower.
2nd is dark: Others design things that overwhelm your willpower. (You take back control via design).
Fogg’s design perspective of habit change can be further expanded( or supplemented) by using another powerful model i recently came across, ie “Six Sources of Influence model by Al Switzler ( TED Video )”.
In this perspective Al Switzler added new levels of analysis by bringing the macro Social and Structural elements in the design to habits and behaviors.
He argues against the sole dependence on willpower as a reliable source of behavioral change or creating powerful persistent habits.
According to him there are Six Sources of Influence.( watch ted video for explanation)
Source 1 – Personal Motivation – whether you want to do it.
Source 2 – Personal Ability – whether you can do it.
Source 3 – Social Motivation – whether other people encourage the right behaviors.
Source 4 – Social Ability – whether other people provide help, information or resources.
Source 5 – Structural Motivation – whether the environment encourages the right behaviors.
Source 6 – Structural Ability – whether the environment supports the right behaviors.
Each of which are complimented by other power sources.
Watch the video here:
Extra Sources For Reference.
Behavioral Approach to habit change
- BJ Fogg website
- Email-based 5-day program is free.
- Persuasive Technology: Using Computers to Change What We Think and Do
- Persuasive Technology for Learning in Business Context
- HOOK-Model by Nir Eyal (Foggs Student)
- Making the hook model actionable
- The Power of Habit by Charles Duhigg
- Research on Ego depletion ( Will power depletion)
- HBR article by Nir Eyal on willpower and ego depletion theory by Roy
- APA: Read the science of willpower
Mindfulness Approach to Habit change