Tweet: Showing what success looks like.

  • Students who know what success looks like have a goal and know how to achieve it.
  • But using learning objectives as a way to create goals of learning in each cases are not effective. Its because,”Objectives rely on concrete descriptors – slippery words like ‘persuasive’ and ‘methodical’. But knowing that an argument should be ‘persuasive’ does not show students how to make it persuasive: persuasiveness is the kind of idea “which cannot be specified in detail” and so “cannot be transmitted by prescription, since no prescription for it exists (Polanyi, 1962, p.53).
  • Show Me, Don’t Tell: Instead use concrete examples to demonstrate how success or end result looks like. Thus using an arsenal of exemplars instead of learning objectives. A sense of what success looks like “can be passed on only by example from master to apprentice (Polanyi, 1962, p.53.).” Examples “set the standards for what I and my students aspire to achieve (2003, p.29-30).” He offers students “a taste of excellence (p.31)”:
  • An ‘arsenal of exemplars’ lets us to show what success looks like, rather than tell. Cognitive science suggests that providing worked examples – models broken into steps – can help students learn better and more efficiently (Zhu and Simon, 1987).

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