Chabris has @cfchabris a study showing the memory of chess players being local to the game.— Nassim Nicholas Taleb (@nntaleb) September 16, 2018
Yes, in my PhD thesis I re-discovered and extended this; was first published by Adriaan de Groot (leading 20th c. Dutch psychologist and chess master), Herbert Simon, and William Chase; also Fernand Gobet (strong chess playing cognitive psychologist) has done key studies on this— Christopher Chabris (@cfchabris) September 16, 2018
Funny coincidence: while reading this, I bumped into some of my old notes from @spyrosmakrid & co.’s Dance With Chance, where they too touched upon the subject: https://t.co/zSFsJZ1gXe pic.twitter.com/h37j6J69yR— matti heino (@Heinonmatti) September 17, 2018
The claim about IQ isn’t true though. See recent meta-analyses by Zach Hambrick et al.— Christopher Chabris (@cfchabris) September 17, 2018
Read the study mentioned: Deliberate practice: Is that all it takes to become an expert?
This study looked at the findings of studies done by Anders Ericsson et al which proposed that expert performance reflects a long period of deliberate practice rather than innate ability, or “talent”.