The Fringe Of Human Learning, Technology & Emergence
ESOLoop: An Entrepreneurship Self-Organization Framework for a Complex, Dynamic and Interconnected world.
Entrepreneurship is a complex decision domain. It is essential that solutions designed for complex domains like entrepreneurship must consider dynamics of complexity like non-linearity, inter-relatedness, emergent property, etc. Regardless of this, most of the dominant entrepreneurship perspectives still assume that entrepreneurship is the same all over the world. The proposed solutions and methods are often developed without any consideration to many of the non-linear dynamics that are inherent to complex domains like entrepreneurship. They usually ignore the massive diversity and uniqueness of personal, historical, cultural, institutional, social, and spatial contexts. While entrepreneurship operates at the evolutionary edge of social emergence, most of the current thinkers and their models never truly acknowledged its massive uncertainty and complexity. Further, the need for appropriate methods is neglected in favor of reductionistic one size fits all prescriptive models, cliche advice, and incrementalism.
In the following part, I am introducing a complexity science-informed design solution to aid entrepreneurial actions. This is based on the scientific understanding that open complex adaptive systems like entrepreneurship have a tendency to self-organize under various constraints (Kauffman, 1995). Deriving from that, the framework is built on the premise that self-organization and design are complementary pairs (Kelso et al, 2016). In the first part of the presentation, I will discuss complexity, the nature of entrepreneurial complexity, and the implication of complexity on human decision-making and expertise. Then I will discuss why existing entrepreneurship prescriptive models are inadequate for dealing with complexity. After that I will introduce three important components of the framework; The first is about setting the right complexity-based world view (Dent, 1999), for which an Ecological world view is adopted (Ulanowicz, 2009; Gibson, 2014; Capra, 1996). The second is about the idea of effectual self-organization, a list of simple flexible heuristics (primary constraints) for entrepreneurs to deliberately act like self-organizing systems. The third is about constraints and the role of constraints in shaping self-organization. Here I use Constraints-based dynamic design, an idea inspired from the Constraints-Led approach in sports coaching (Davids et al, 2007) to design and introduce various constraints that can shape entrepreneurial self-organization. Alicia Juarrero’s(1999) conception of Context-free and Context-sensitive constraints is used as a fundamental frame over which various constraints are introduced. The framework is created as an integrative and harmonizing design solution that embodies dispositions like sense-making, exploration, evolvability, diversity, adaptability, learnability, agency, etc. which are all essential for dealing with a complex-emergent decision domain like entrepreneurship.